Various public resources, publications, and articles on the topics of  race, identity, Culture, Racism, Education, Chinatown, Racism, Hate Crime, COVID-19, Discrimination, Policy, Online, Social Media,  Xenophobia, Multiculturalism, Intersectionality, History and the Model Minority Myth,. 

The report is divided into three parts: Part 1 details the history of colonialism, racism, misogyny, homophobia and other hateful conduct in Canada, and specifically within the Defence Team (DND/CAF). Part 2 sets out a series of ‘vision principles’ that DND/CAF should strive for, and Part 3 identifies 13 areas of opportunity to address systemic racism and discrimination, and makes recommendations that range from subjective value statements to specific actions.

The report also includes annexes detailing key terms, demographic statistics, an overview of the Panel’s consultations, and biographies of the Panel members.

Author: Minister of National Defence Advisory Panel

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Resource guide compiled by Asian Canadians Together and ACT2endracism. Gives a brief description of what the initiative is as well as the objectives (including support for victims of COVID-19 related racism, offering resources to communities, lobbying government to protect all Canadians, etc.). Also promotes ACCT and ACT2endracism social media.

Author: ACCT Foundation

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Infographic designed by the ACCT Foundation discussing the impact of historical racism and discrimination of Chinese Canadians and visible minorities. It extends to broadly define race, the Human Rights Code, Racism and Racial Discrimination. Contemporary data on the issue is also discussed.

Author: ACCT Foundation

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Infographic designed by the ACCT Foundation defining prejudice, stereotyping, racism and discrimination.

 

Author: ACCT Foundation

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Infographic designed by the ACCT Foundation on tips for victims of hate acts. Tips span from what to do if a victim is physically or psychologically assaulted, whether online or in-person, and links resources to report hate incidents. Translations to traditional and simplified Chinese are provided.

 

Author: ACCT Foundation

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Video promoting ACT2endracism on what to do when you or someone is targeted by racism. 5 steps are outlined and resources are provided for reporting an incident.

Director: Christine Cheung with ACCT Foundation

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Video promoting ACT2endracism on what to do when you or someone is targeted by racism. Discusses the 5Ds in response to observing an act of hate: delay, document, direct approach, delegate, and distract. Resources for reporting an incident are also provided.

Director: Christine Cheung with ACCT Foundation 
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Comic by the ACCT and ACT2endracism on what to do when you or someone is target by racism. Summarizes the video “Act to End Racism How to be a Public Bystander” in comic format and discusses the 5Ds in response to observing an act of hate: delay, document, direct approach, delegate, and distract. Resources for reporting an incident are also provided. Translations provided for traditional and simplified Chinese, Korean, Filipino, and Vietnamese.

 

Author: Christine Cheung with ACCT Foundation

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Comic by the ACCT and ACT2endracism on what to do when you or someone is targeted by racism. 5 steps/options are discussed. Summarizes the video “What can you do when you targeted by racism?” and provides resources for reporting an incident. Translations are provided for simplified and traditional Chinese, Korean, Filipino, and Vietnamese.

 

Author: Christine Cheung with ACCT Foundation

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Video by the ACCT and ACT2endracism on what to do if you experience racism in a school setting.

 

Author: Christine Cheung with ACCT Foundation

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Comic by the ACCT and ACT2endracism on what to do if you experience racism in school. Summarizes the video “What you and your friends can do if you experience racism at school?” and provides a definition of what a microaggression is. Resources to report a racist incident is also provided. Translations are provided for simplified and traditional Chinese, Filipino, Korean, and Vietnamese.

 

Author: Christine Cheung with ACCT Foundation

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Comic by the ACCT and ACT2endracism for seniors on what to do if they do not speak English and experience racism. The comic discusses strategies including body language, making noise, walk away, approach others, record, talk, and report. Resources to report a racist incident is provided. Translations are provided for simplified and traditional Chinese, Korean and Vietnamese.

 

Author: Christine Cheung with  ACCT Foundation

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Document compiled by Ishiyama on what to do when facing racism. 11 categories of responses to racism described and examples are provided. The categories include: assertive interruptions, express personalized emotional reactions, call it racism or discrimination, disagree, question the validity of the statement, point out the hurtful and offensive nature, put the offender on the spot, confront empathetically, approach and support the victim, approach externals, and approach co-witnesses.

 

Author: Ishiyama, I.

Publication: University of British Columbia

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Infographic by the ACCT defining what the term “Yellow Peril” refers to, as well as, a timeline documenting events which exemplify the notion of Yellow Peril throughout history and in present day. The graphic concludes with the fact that “Yellow Peril” has persisted in Canada.

 

Author: ACCT Foundation

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Infographic by the ACCT defining what hate crimes are, the difference between hate crimes and hate incidents, examples of hate crimes, and the impact they have on the victim and community. Resources are provided regarding the Criminal Code of Canada, as well as how to report a hate crime.

Author: ACCT Foundation

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Article on how the Chinese government promised to revise a bill on issuing “green cards” to foreigners. Citizens protested and express that they don’t want any more immigrants. Social media comments online show xenophobia towards black individuals and Islam.

 

Author: Viola Zhou & Arman Dzidzovic

Publication: Inkstone News

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Article on an assault case in Midtown New York where an Asian woman was punched for not wearing a mask.


Author: Larry Celona

Publication: New York Post

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An article discussing recent hate crimes committed against Asian Americans in the face of COVID-19, specifically events happening in the U.K.

Author: Anna Russell

Publication: The New Yorker

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A video showing former president Donald Trump defending his usage of the term “Chinese virus” and claiming that it is not racism. Experts disagree and argue that it hurts Asian American communities in a profound way.

 

Publication: NBC Asian America

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The video discussing Trump’s usage of the term “Chinese virus” and how it can misinform people with limited interactions with people of Asian descent, leading to negative opinions on Chinese people and hate crimes against Asian communities.


Publication: Democracy Now!

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Article discussing an incident where an Asian man stood his ground while being verbally assaulted by a male and female shopper for coughing amid the COVID-19 pandemic.

 

Author: Bryan Ke

Publication: NextShark

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An article discussing the assault that happened in Australia on a woman and her brother for wearing face masks on a train. The woman recounted that no one on the train stepped up to help despite the verbal and physical altercation.

Author: Carl Samson

Publication: NextShark

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An article discussing a family-owned kite show in San Francisco’s Chinatown where a group of youths tore down storefront displays before fleeing.

 

Author: Ryan General

Publication: NextShark

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A webinar moderated by the Council of Korean Americans’ Executive Director Abraham Kim on a conversation with three national Asian American civic leaders. Discussions focus on the topics of fear, disruption, and uncertainty surrounding the Asian American community. As well, questions around what is driving the rise in anti-Asian American sentiment, what can be done to address these events, and what is being done at the national level.

 

Author: Council of Korean Americans

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Article discussing the SF Peace Collective, a group of community leaders that was formed as a response to the racism, violence, and xenophobia that Asian Americans have been experiencing in San Francisco Chinatown.

 

Author: Ernestine Siu

Publication: NextShark

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Article discussing a resolution blaming China for causing a global pandemic and calls on the Chinese government to publicly declare that COVID-19 began there. Association of the disease with a geographical region will lead to stigma, discrimination and violence directed at groups of people. The article discusses discrimination faced by other Asian Americans, not just Chinese Americans.

 

Author: Jennifer Bendery

Publication:  Huffington Post

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Article discusses racist remarks on a Filipino mother following the COVID-19 pandemic. The article accentuates how Asian Americans, whether Chinese or not, not only have to deal with the virus, but also verbal and physical violence from xenophobic neighbors. The Article also highlights various hate crimes and attacks conducted on the Asian American community.

Author: Brittany Wong 

Publication: Huffington Post

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Article discussing a House resolution brought up by Rep. Grace Meng to denounce racism towards Asian Americans related to the COVID-19 pandemic. This legislation follows another House resolution that demands the Chinese government to publicly state that COVID-19 originated in China.

 

Author: Kimmy Yam

Publication: NBC Asian America

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Article discussing anti-Asian racism amid the COVID-19 pandemic. The article highlights how anti-Asian racism is not new and has been happening for years. It discusses the murder of Vincent Chin as a Chinese victim of a anti-Japanese racist attack in 1982 and how that sparked a national civil rights campaign. Similarities are drawn with the ongoing pandemic.

 

Author: Helen Zia

Publication: The Washington Post

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Article discussing how Anti-Asian and Anti-Chinese racism has been prevalent for years. It discusses the author’s experience growing up as a first-generation son to an immigrant who came to America during the exclusion era. The author explains that regardless of how well-educated, smart, and hardworking “new” Chinese and Asian Americans are, they are still subject to racism, especially during the pandemic.

Author: William Gee Wong

Publication: EastWind

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Article discussing the racism faced by Asians and how it has largely gone ignored. It discusses how former US Presidential candidate Andrew Yang insinuated that Asian Americans can be accepted if they work harder to be more “American” instead of calling out racism for what it is.


Author: Tony Wong

Publication: The Star

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Article discussing a trip to Peru by Ruby Choi and her husband which resulted in her contracting COVID-19 and her husband passing away. Ruby’s Chinese-Canadian friends experienced hostility from the embassy staff and was treated with extra caution because they were Chinese. Ruby has to stay in Peru because of her diagnosis while others who weren’t Chinese-Canadian were allowed to leave.


Author: Rachel Ward

Publication: CBC News

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Article discussing a racist encounter outside at a Whole Foods during the onset of the pandemic. The event made it clear to the author that racists were in her community, despite 70% of her hometown being minorities. The article also discusses how Anti-Asian movements have also been prevalent online.

Author: Chelsea Shim Sharma 

Publication: BlogTO

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Article on one of the biggest outbreaks of COVID-19 that occurred at a meatpacking plant in Canada. The article discusses how Filipinos feel unjustly blamed for this outbreak, despite the issue being the company refusing to close for safety measures.

 

Author: Joel Dryden

Publication: CBC News

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Article discussing hateful messages that have been scrawled on the windows in Vancouver’s Chinese Cultural Center. The article goes on to describe the spike in hate crimes against Asians during the pandemic.

 

Author: Jon Woodward

Publication: CTV News

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Article discussing how some individuals are gathering grassroot information which suggests under-reporting of racist incidents. The article goes on to highlight examples of the recent spike in anti-Asian hate crimes.

 

Author: Joanne Lee-Young

Publication: Vancouver Sun

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An opinion piece that discusses the author’s experience when she immigrated to Canada with her parents. She describes how everyone was different in her classrooms compared to the homogeneity in Hong Kong, and how these classrooms reflected the best of what Canada should be. However, the COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted that Canada is far from being free of racism and hate.

 

Author: Mary Ng

Publication: The Star

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Article on a woman who was punched by a white man for sneezing due to her allergies. Despite the woman being Indigenous, the man continued to sprout anti-Asian remarks before striking her.

Author: Lisa Steacy 

Publication: CityNews

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Video where Prime Minister Justin Trudeau calls on provinces to request COVID-19 testing and contact tracing help. He also condemns racist acts against Asian Canadians, stating that “Hate, violence, discrimination has no place in Canada”.

 

Author: CBC News

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An article on an Edmonton woman of Chinese descent who experienced racism during the COVID-19 pandemic. Many of the racist acts were verbal attacks directly and indirectly. She has been told to go back to China despite her being born in Russia and adopted by a Canadian couple.

 

Author: Amanda Anderson

Publication: CTV News

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Article discussing a series of plays and monologues that highlight racism east and south-east Asian communities in the UK are experiencing during the COVID-19 pandemic titled WeRNotVirus. This production was made as a response to the spike in anti-Asian racism since the beginning of the pandemic.


Author: Lanre Bakare

Publication: The Guardian

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A podcast where Sophie Lui, Anchor of Global news Hour at 6, joins the Lynda Steele Show in which she emotionally expresses her concerns regarding hate crimes in BC.

 

Author: The Lynda Steele Show

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A video reporting on a racially motivated attack in which a man smashed the window of a parked car with two Asian women inside it in Vancouver.

 

Author: CBC News

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Article detailing a verbal attack in Vancouver in which an Asian woman was verbally taunted with racial and sexual slurs, and then spat on. The article goes on to discuss how these attacks are becoming increasingly prevalent and linked to hate/fear towards China. Other racial attacks include a stone lion statue and the nearby Chinese cultural center that have been vandalized.

 

Author: France24

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Article detailing racist graffiti on a wall of downtown Calgary’s Chinese consulate during the COVID-19 pandemic. The article discusses the emergence of the ACT2endracism coalition.

 

Author: Bill Kaufmann

Publication: Calgary Herald

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Opinion piece discussing the stigmatization of Chinese and Chinese-looking Canadians following the COVID-19 pandemic. The piece discusses how racism towards Asian Canadians is not new and highlights the mass hysteria about the “Yellow Peril” in the early 20th century. Connections are made regarding how the “Yellow Peril” has returned in the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic.

 

Author: Fo Niemi

Publication: Montreal Gazette

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Article on an investigation onto an unprovoked attack on an Asian-Canadian boy in Saskatoon. The article further discusses other violent attacks towards East Asian Canadians following the COVID-19 pandemic.

Author: Mickey Djuric

Publication: Global News

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Article detailing an incident where a nail technician went on a racist rant after her client said she was originally from Mainland China. The article discusses the rise in hate crimes and xenophobia against Asian Americans due to COVID-19. Furthermore, the article discusses how very few people online hold compassion for Asian American victims and how the model minority myth, lack of Asian representation dehumanization of Asian women, and politics/media play a role in this lack of compassion.

Author: Leanna Chan

Publication: NextShark

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Article discussing Prime Minister Justin Trudeau’s condemnation of the surge in hateful violence towards Asian Canadians. The article discusses a variety of hate crimes that have occurred since the start of the pandemic and how Trudeau’s remarks contrast the xenophobic and racist tweets from US President Donald Trump.

 

Author: Samantha Beattie

Publication: Huffington Post

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A statement by the Business Council of British Columbia denouncing racism. Signatures of numerous CEOs who support this statement are provided.

 

Author: Greg D’Avignon

Publication: Business Council of British Columbia

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Article on an indigenous woman who was mistaken as Asian and subject to a racist attack. Many other attacks are also documented in this article.

 

Author: Ian Young

Publication: South China Morning Post
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Article discussing how feds should ask jurisdictions to gather more data on race, language and economic status. It discusses the shortcomings of the current federal strategies against racism.

 

Author: The Hill Times

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Video discussing how poll numbers support claims that the pandemic is causing more racist attitudes towards Asians. A woman who experienced a racist attack was interviewed.

Author: CityNews

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Video discussing how poll numbers support claims that the pandemic is causing more racist attitudes towards Asians. A woman who experienced a racist attack was interviewed.


Author: CityNews
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Article on a chip wagon owner who had a racist verbal encounter directly connected to racist graffiti on his truck over the past few days. The article discusses how how the victim has not been targeted until the spread of COVID-19.


Author: Bruce Deachman
Publication: Ottawa Citizen
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Official declaration in French by the Minister of Small Business, Export Promotion and International Trade standing up for Chinese Canadians during the COVID-19 pandemic.


Author: Minister of Small Business, Export Promotion and International Trade
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Article on Canadian organizations and community groups that have joined the ACT2EndRacism coalition during the spike in Anti-Asian Racism. It discusses how ACT2EndRacism is working on a standardized reporting tool for all cases of racism and the data collected will inform which policy changes to push for.


Author: Deanna Cheng
Publication: New Canadian Media
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Article on a study in which Asians, Black Americans, and Hispanics reported negative experiences because of their race or ethnicity since the COVID-19 outbreak. Black and Asian Americans also expressed concern for arousing suspicion if they wear a mask.


Author: Jorge L. Ortiz

Publication: USA Today
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Video of a Caucasian man venting his views about China towards a group of Asians. The man makes racist remarks towards Chinese culture and China.


Author: Valerie Leung
Publication: Richmond News
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Video discussing systemic racism in Canada through a comedic and family-friendly lens.


Author: Brittlestar
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Article on a racist attack in Calgary where a man spat and called a racial slur to an Asian woman. The man, a former employee of the University of Calgary, has been charged by the Calgary police.


Author: Kirby Bourne
Publication: Global News
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Article on a video with high-profile Asian American actors, journalists and social media influencers calling for an end to targeted discrimination and hate crimes. Examples of discrimination and violence are shown in the video; it acknowledges that despite the difficult time for everyone, it is still not an excuse for attacking Asian Americans.


Author: Isoke Samuel
Publication: NBC News
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Article on a man who launched a racist, anti-immigrant tirade at an Edmonton liquor store ranting about masking policies.


Author: Lauren Boothby
Publication: Edmonton Journal
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Article on a new project gathering data on anti-Asian racism in Metro Vancouver. The point of this project was to challenge Canada’s angel complex, that what is happening in the US is also happening in Canada. The project started in response to the rise in anti-Asian racism during the COVID-19 pandemic. Additionally, the project helps confront the model minority myth which is often used to de-legitimize racism.


Author: Megan Devlin
Publication: Daily Hive News
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Article discussing an incident at a Chinese restaurant where a group of customers did not comply with face mask policies and turned violent. One of the members of the group was an off-duty police officer.

Author: Ryan General
Publication: NextShark
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Article discussing how one in four Asian American and Pacific Islander (AAPI) young adult has had firsthand experience of discrimination amid the COVID-19 pandemic. The majority of the discrimination was verbal harassments, shunning, online bullying, and physical assaults (including coughing and spitting).


Author: Carl Samson
Publication: NextShark
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Opinion piece discussing how Western coverage of the COVID-19 pandemic is inherently racist. The piece provides numerous examples in which the successes of ‘developing’ nations in fighting COVID-19 are overshadowed by the responses of other white nations in Western media, despite not being nearly as successful as the ‘developing’ nations.


Author: Indi Samarajiva
Publication: indica
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Article discussing the results from a survey by the Angus Reid Institute on the experiences and emotions of those affected by racism during the COVID-19 pandemic. The article details the dual identities many Chinese Canadians experience as well as the discrimination during COVID-19.


Author: Angus Reid Institute
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An opinion piece that compares the similarities between the experiences of Muslim, Arab, and South Asians during 9/11 and Chinese and East Asians during COVID-19. It discusses how the rise in Sinophobia is also related to the changing political, economic, and social relationship between the US and China. The author calls for people to confront the forces that perpetuate inequality regardless of the group affected.


Author: Aly Kassam-Remtulla
Publication: Aljazeera
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Article on a man who hurled racist insults at a Calgary liquor store after asking him to put on a mask.


Author: Jason Herring
Publication: Calgary Herald
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Article detailing the number of anti-Asian attacks and discrimination amid the COVID-19 pandemic. The types of attacks, distribution of these attacks across states, and location of these attacks are also discussed.


Author: Carl Samson
Publication: NextShark
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Article and video of a Calgary man who is facing charges after launching a verbal tirade at an Chinese man. The two men did not know each other and has been investigated as a hate crime.


Author: Ina Sidhu
Publication: CTV News
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Video in which a CNN reported describes 3 back-to-back racist incidences she experienced at New Orleans.

 

Author: CNN News

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Article discussing a racist incident at a grocery store where a man berated an Asian woman for wearing a mask. The article also provides numerous studies which show an increase in anti-Asian racism following the pandemic, as well as the numerous efforts made to quell misconceptions about Asian people and COVID-19.

 

Author: Kathy Le

Publication: CTV News
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Article discussing an investigation onto two unprovoked assaults on East Asian women in Vancouver. The assaults are random and the victims do not know the suspects.


Author: CBC News
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Opinion piece discussing how Chinese-Canadians continue to be treated as foreigners. The article highlights historical events which have treated Chinese-Canadians as outsiders and how the pandemic brought deep-seated anti-Chinese racism in Canada to the forefront.


Author: Avvy Go & Gary Yee
Publication: The Globe and Mail
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Opinion piece criticizing those who engage in anti-Asian attacks and how it does nothing to stop the COVID-19 pandemic. The piece also goes on to highlight how Asian Canadian communities have responded and what they have to offer amidst the pandemic.


Author: Craig Takeuchi
Publication: The Georgia Straight
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Article discussing the model minority myth and how it raises the standards for Asian Americans. It also discusses how, despite the model minority microaggressions, Asians are not exempt from racism before and especially during the COVID-19 pandemic.


Author: Jenna Ryu
Publication: USA Today
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Article discussing how anti-Asian racism has been on the rise in 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic. It also mentions how there are many unreported cases, and provides examples of anti-Asian racism that have recently occurred.


Author: Joanne Laucius
Publication: Ottawa Citizen
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Article discussing how there is not only Anti-Asian and Anti-Black racism, but also racism within between Asians and Blacks. The article also discusses the model minority myth and how Chinese Canadians have come to be seen as model minorities. Additionally, the article highlights steps on how Chinese Canadian communities can help dismantle anti-Black racism.

Author: Victoria Chan
Publication: Huffington Post
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Article on Joe Biden signing a memorandum which denounced discrimination directed at the Asian American and Pacific Islander community during the pandemic. The memorandum was meant to guide the Department of Justice on how to better collect data and help with anti-Asian hate incidents.


Author: Kimmy Yam
Publication: NBC
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Video on how anti-Asian sentiment affects Chinese Canadians and their businesses even a year after the novel coronavirus was confirmed.


Author: CBC News
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Article discussing racist graffiti and how it should be handled. The City of Burnaby’s anti-graffiti coordinator states that the incidences are not reported to RCMP unless it is determined to be ongoing or with malicious intent. Additionally, the coordinator discourages graffiti to be raised in the media since it encourage more of this type of graffiti.


Author: Cornelia Naylor
Publication: Burnaby NOW
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Article on Saskatoon residents who mobilized around a Vietnamese restaurant after a racist incident where a customer refused to wear a mask. The article highlights how Asians fear for both their health and for getting racially attacked during the pandemic.


Author: Laura Sciarpelletti
Publication: CBC News
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Article detailing an incident where an online gathering for the fourth anniversary of the Quebec mosque shooting was hijacked by a group of racists.


Author: Jason Warick
Publication: CBC News
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Article discussing a province-wide campaign in British Columbia where billboards with the words “Am I racist?” have been popping up. The point of these billboards was to highlight systemic racism and how it is an urgent problem.


Author: Amanda Wawryk & Kathryn Tindale
Publication: City News
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Article discussing recent attacks on Asian-Americans even 1 year after the start of the COVID-19 pandemic. The response from the Asian-American community was outlined as well as the concept of “yellow peril”. The article also discusses what people can do to support the Asian community.


Author: Rosalie Cabison & Tim Chan
Publication: Rolling Stone
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The video discusses the significant spike in anti-Asian hate crimes in the US during the pandemic.

Author: Trevor Noah

Publication: The Daily Show Comedy Central UK

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Article in which the NYPD announced they have arrested a man who shoved an elderly Asian woman in Queens.


Author: Khanh Tran
Publication: NextShark
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An article that discussed a petition launched in response to a sign at a downtown bar which directly targets the Asian community. Specifically, the use of “China virus” was identified as anti-Asian and hateful.


Author: Sara Jabakhanji
Publication: CBC News
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A radio clip discussing a Filipino family in Regina that experienced discrimination in line at Costco.


Author: Stefani Langenegger
Publication: CBC Listen
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Article calling for more media coverage of violence against Asian Americans. Example incidences of anti-Asian racism were outlined, however many go unreported.


Author: Angela Fu
Publication: Poynter
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A video in which former NBA star Jeremy Lin says that he has experienced racism while playing basketball.


Author: CNN News
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Article on NBA veteran Jeremy Lin and his concern over the spike in anti-Asian racism. The article also discusses how Lin himself has been called “coronavirus” on court.


Author: Jonathan White
Publication: South China Morning Post
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Video discussing fears that the anti-Asian racism linked to the pandemic will stay.


Author: CBC News
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Article on a Chinese basketball international, part of the WNBA, speaking out about the anti-Asian violence in New York. Her team stood by her side in solidarity for the affected Asian-American demographic.

Author: Andrew McNicol
Publication: South China Morning Post
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Article discussing the anti-Asian hate occurring in Canada and how this racism has always existed. The article details recent data collected regarding incidents that have occurred in Canada, the history of anti-Asian racism, its effects on the community, and how governments and the Asian-Canadian community has responded to these acts.


Author: Isabelle Docto
Publication: Chatelaine
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Article discussing the spike in hate crimes toward members of Montreal’s Asian community. Many of the crimes were related to COVID-19. The article also discussed the formation of a Chinatown Security Service.


Author: Brayden Jagger Haines
Publication: Global News
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Video detailing the rise in anti-Asian incidents world-wide. Individual examples a shown in the video, as well examples of white supremacy and Trump’s association of the virus with China.


Author: Voices ABC News
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Article detailing the rise in hate incidents against Asian American and Pacific Islanders and how social media and other digital tools allow Asian Americans to prove the various forms of discrimination they have experienced. Social media allows for the context to be set so that people can know the stories of Asian Americans and empathize with them.


Author: Claire Wang
Publication: NBC News
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Article discussing the rise in anti-Asian racism, but more importantly how this sentiment has existed long before the pandemic. The article goes on to discuss the history of Chinese settlement in America and the history of the yellow peril fear/anti-Asian discrimination.


Author: Maura Hohman
Publication: Today
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Article discussing the mental health implications that racist aggression can have on the victims. Many victims of COVID-19-related discrimination are displaying signs of racial trauma, depression, anxiety, and somatic symptoms. The article also discusses how the ‘model minority’ myth is detrimental to mental health and Asian Americans seeking help.


Author: Mishal Reja
Publication: ABC News
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Article showing the suspect accused of beating an Asian man in New York. The attack was unprovoked and is considered a hate crime.


Author: Carl Samson
Publication: NextShark
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A virtual town hall hosted by NBC Asian America discussing how the Asian American and Pacific Islanders community has been coping with the rise in anti-Asian violence. The entire video is approximately 1 hour long.

Author: Vicky Nguyen
Publication: NBC Asian America
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Article discussing the continued anti-Asian hate crimes in the US and Canada one year after the COVID-19 pandemic. Numerous incidents are exemplified, with Canada having a higher ratio of attacks compared to the US.

Author: Joy Malbon & Christy Somos
Publication: CTV News
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Article on how a Korean Montrealer was pepper sprayed in an attack. He recounts how no one in the area gave him a hand despite walking past him. The article discusses how the increased frequency of these attacks in Montreal and around the world suggests they are not random or isolated.

Author: Katelyn Thomas
Publication: Montreal Gazette
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A personal piece in which Simu Liu explains his concern for his parents’ safety because of the hate crimes being committed against Asian people that has spiked over the past year. He speaks out on the numerous microaggressions against Asians in the past years, as well as the bystanders and witnesses who do not speak up or even believe racism against Asian people exists.

Author: Simu Liu
Publication: Variety
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Article on an arrest in connection with an attack on an elderly Asian American woman in New York. The attack was unprovoked.

Author: Minyvonne Burke & Dennis Romero
Publication: NBC News
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Article on a march in Montreal denouncing systemic racism and the crimes against Asian people following the shootings in Atlanta. The article discusses the spike in anti-Asian crimes throughout the COVID-19 pandemic.

Author: CBC News
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Article on how members of Edmonton’s Asian community are increasingly concerned with hate-motivated attacks. This followed the pandemic as well as the Atlanta shooting of eight people, mostly Asian women. Hate crimes against Asian-Canadians have been reported to rise following the pandemic, regardless Canada has had a long history of anti-Asian racism.

Author: CTV News
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Article on a Korean American mother who started a conversation with her children that hate is a virus. She told her children the importance of being vocal about racism and hate crimes.

Author: Kait Hanson
Publication: Today
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A video where a nail salon owner reads a racist letter sent to their business amidst a protest against anti-Asian violence.

Author: CNN News
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Article discussing how anti-Asian violence is entangled in misogyny and often disproportionately targets Asian women. It discusses how the shooting at the Asian-owned spas highlights the intersectionality of both race and gender, and how Asian women are stereotyped as exotic, timid, and docile. The article also discusses historical implications on the stereotypes against Asian women.

Author: Jenn Fang
Publication: The Washington Post
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Article discussing the need for a federal action plan to revitalize Canada’s Chinatowns following the pandemic and spike in anti-Asian racism. Cultural, social, security, and economic infrastructure support are especially crucial needs that have been neglected due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Author: Bill Kaufmann
Publication: Calgary Herald
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An article discussing racism in Alberta and its impact on the BIPOC communities. The article discusses a Facebook event that was livestreamed to discuss how BIPOC communities feel about racist incidents in Alberta, what supports are being offered and how allies are helping.

Author: CityNews
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Opinion piece in which the author recounts a racist incident that occurred on a streetcar she was riding. The author discusses how as a child, she wanted to suppress her Chinese identity and culture. The author mentions the shooting in Atlanta and how it is not an isolated incident; that Canada has a deep history of anti-Asian racism.

Author: Anna Zhang

Publication: The Star

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Article on how Summerland’s mayor condemned hate-motivated racism vandalism targeting an Indo-Canadian family.

Author: Shelby Thom
Publication: Global News

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An article detailing the rise in anti-Asian racism across Canada. It specifically discusses the spike following the COVID-19 pandemic, the importance of parents to have conversations around racism with their children, and how people can help.

Author: Athabasca University Faculty of Health Disciplines
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Article discussing two racist incidents conducted by the same suspect. The author encourages others in the Asian community to stop tolerating anti-Asian racism. The article also discusses topics of Social Darwinism, eugenics, Nazi race theory and white supremacy, as well as how science is inherently political and used by the privileged.

Author: Charles C.Y. Xu
Publication: The McGill Tribune
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Article on the CDC director declaring racism a serious public health threat in the midst of the disproportionate impact of COVID-19 on communities of colour. She also states that the pandemic highlights inequalities that has existed for generations but has gone unaddressed.

Author: Laurel Wamsley
Publication: NPR
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Article that discusses microaggressions and insecurities faced by Asian Americans growing up, and how The Asian-American Foundation (TAAF) was putting $250 million USD to address long-standing problems faced by Asian- American and Pacific Islander communities.

Author: Kok Xinghui & Sen Nguyen
Publication: South China Morning Post
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Article on the new ‘Eyes Open’ campaign that targets anti-Asian racism. This PSA was created in response to the pandemic and spike in racial violence. It specifically discusses how Asians have long gotten used to the model minority and not talking about their issues.

Author: Amy Judd, Kylie Stanton
Publication: Global News
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Article on a bill passed in the Illinois lower house requiring public schools to teach Asian-American history in public schools. The bill has been promoted by the advocacy group Asian Americans Advancing Justice since early 2020 and has increased in popularity following the attacks on Asian women in Atlanta.

Author: Nathan Layne
Publication: Reuters
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Radio podcast where the host discuss anti-Asian racism during Asian Heritage Month.

Author: David Gray, Angela Knight
Publication: Calgary Eyeopener
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Article discussing multiculturalism in Canada. The author discusses her experience with anti-Asian racism during the COVID-19 pandemic and the overall spike in which Asian women are being disproportionately targeted. The author discusses the history that highlights how Canada is not immune to anti-Asian racism, despite the celebrated history of multiculturalism.

Author: Tina J. Park
Publication: Policy Options
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Mount Royal University instructor Mark Hecht published an opinion piece on Vancouver newspapers claiming Canada would be economically and socially better without ethnic diversity. Discussed the failure of editors to notice the red flags and the responsibility of media outlets.

Author: Sarah Rieger
Publication: CBC
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Article on Trump’s use of the term “Chinese virus”, White House staff’s use of “Kung Flu”. Resulting racism, micro-aggressions, and overall effects on the Asian American community were discussed.

Author: Sylvia Thomson
Publication: CBC
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Article on an online reporting tool created by the Asian Pacific Policy and Planning Council as well as the Chinese for Affirmative Action for reporting discrimination. This information will be used to inform education/media campaigns and policies.

Author: Natasha Roy
Publication: NBC News Digital
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Article on newly launched hotline by New York State Attorney General Letitia James for New Yorkers to report anti-Asian hate crimes. Information will be used to help victims and civil investigations.

Author: Natasha Roy
Publication: NBC News Digital
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Article on the founder of Pacific Arts Movement, Lee Ann Kim, speaking out against xenophobia towards Asian Americans and Trump’s use of “Chinese Virus”. Made parallels to the “Yellow Peril Era” and the Chinese Exclusion Act in 1882.


Author: Carl Samson
Publication: NextShark
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Article on the rise of virus-related racism and xenophobia towards Asian minorities. It discusses how this Sinophobia reveals the complex relationship the world has with China. This exists not only where Asians are minorities (where Sinophobia is due to unfamiliarity) but also in Asia itself (due to too much familiarity, mainland dominance/immigration, etc.). Mentions the Chinese Exclusion Act.

Author: Tessa Wong
Publication: BBC
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Report on a teenager who stabbed an Asian American family due to fear that they were spreading the coronavirus (Minimal information was disclosed). States the rise in coronavirus hate crimes and Trump’s use of “China virus”.
Author: Sara Boboltz
Publication: Huffington Post US
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Slideshow on data gathered by the Canadian Race Relations Foundation and the Association for Canadian Studies on issues of racism and discrimination. Shows trends and attitudes of the population (sample of 1479 Canadians) on various ethnic groups. Focused on Muslims, Asians, Jews and Aboriginal people.

Author: The Association for Canadian Studies and the Canadian Race Relations Foundation
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Book introducing the CRRF as well as a collection of articles spanning topics of immigration and nationalism, hate crime and inequality, and reconciliation.
Author: Canadian Race Relations Foundation
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The report is based on the findings from the Race Relations in Canada 2019 survey. The aim is for the findings of this report to be used by a variety of organizations and people. Researched topics in the survey includes the state of race relations in Canada, attitudes towards people of other racial groups, racial discrimination in Canada, and personal experiences with discrimination and racism.

Author: Environics Institute for Survey Research and the Canadian Race Relations Foundation
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Report that examines 4 case studies on the English language press across Canada excluding Quebec. Particular focus was given to the way racialized discourse displays itself in everyday media. Results show media bias and discrimination in the Canadian Press.

Author: Frances Henry & Carol Tator

Publication: Canadian Race Relations Foundation
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A guide outlining the rights and resources for victims/witnesses of racism incidents. Descriptions of what hate crimes, hate incidents, and acts of discrimination are, as well as what to do if someone experiences this.

Authors: Maryka Omatsu, Gary Yee, Gerald Chan, Avvy Go & Juanita Westmoreland
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Article discussing an expert of the 2004 report on the impact of SARS on Chinese and Southeast Asian Communities, coordinated by the Chinese Canadian National Council (CCNC) and Solutions Research. Originally a public health crisis, the report outlined that a social crisis co-existed where members of the Chinese and Southeast Asian communities were subject to racism.

Author: Carrianne Leung
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Article discussing the data obtained by YouGovAmerica regarding racism in Canada. The data was obtained closely following the deaths of George Floyd, Breonna Taylor, and Rayshard Brooks.

Author: Graeme Bruce
Publication: YouGovAmerica
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Report discussing the findings from a public opinion survey on the topic of human rights in Ontario. Specifically, attitudes towards groups, human rights awareness, and personal experiences of discrimination

Author: Ontario Human Rights Commission
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An article from Education Canada Vol. 48 discussing racism in Canada’s past. Specifically, the article discusses related concepts of racism and how they manifest into a hidden curriculum in educational settings to maintain a discriminatory learning environment.

Author: Ratna Ghosh
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Essay discussing marginalization of ethno-racial minorities in Canadian schools as a result of personal attitudes, interpersonal interactions and institutionalized structures, policies, and practices, and the power differentials. Analysis is done through the antiracist education approach, an approach that focuses on recognizing the social and political significance of race and acknowledges the existence of inequitable power relations and interactions at the interpersonal and institutional levels.

Author: Hieu Van Ngo
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A summary of the report on a consultation regarding systemic racism and discrimination within the jurisdiction of the City of Montreal. The consultation was meant to underline the current state of affairs and highlight solutions and enlarge perspectives to guide decision-making. Specifically, this is a summary of the third chapter of the full report – the findings of the Commission, analysis, and recommendations for actions taken by the City of Montreal to fight systemic racism and discrimination.

Author: Office de Consultation Publique de Montreal
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Article discussing the findings from a poll conducted by Canadian Race Relations Foundation and Abacus Data on Canadians’ opinion regarding online hate speech and racism. The poll also examines opinions on government regulation on hateful and racist behaviour online.

Author: Canadian Race Relations Foundation
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Article discussing the poll conducted by Canadian Race Relations Foundation and Abacus Data. Discusses how most Canadians want government action against online hate. Discusses Liberal government pledge to force social media companies to remove content like hate speech within 24 hours. Also discusses social media companies’ attempts on regulating their content.

Author: Stewart Bell
Publication: Global News
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Article discussing the poll conducted by Canadian Race Relations Foundation and Abacus Data (see above). Discusses how most Canadians want government action against online hate even if it reduces freedom of speech and privacy. Most respondents believed hateful and racist content is a problem in Canada. Discussed the poll ideas on how to respond to online hate.

Author: Adrian Humphreys
Publication: National Post
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Infographic by Abacus Data demonstrating how widespread the incidence of experienced or witnessed online racism, sexism, and enticements of violence or homophobic comments are.

Author: Abacus Data
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Statement put forth by the Toronto and York Region Labour Council regarding the importance of their work as a labour movement in challenging racism. Gives an overview of anti-Asian racism throughout history. Discusses the myth of the “model-minority”. Outlines the actions of the Labour Council to combat racism.

Author: Toronto and York Region Labour Council
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Article on an anti-Asian incident in Montreal.

Author: Phil Carpenter
Publication: Global News
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The tenth report by the Standing Committee on Canadian Heritage on systemic racism and religious discrimination. The report includes an introductory overview on existing legal frameworks, initiatives, definitions in the study of systemic racism and religious discrimination, race and religion issues in Canada, and action plans on how to move forward.

Author: Hon. Hedy Fry
Publication: House of Commons Canada
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A Facebook post detailing vandalism that occurred on iconic murals, heritage buildings, businesses, and alleys in Vancouver’s Heritage Chinatown.

Author: Winston Sayson
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An article depicting the vandalism that occurred on murals in Vancouver’s Chinatown during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Author: Mike Howell

Publication: Vancouver Is Awesome
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A brochure by the ACCT Foundation that describes what racism and microaggressions are, the history of racism in Canada, its impact on mental health, and how to start the conversation with children.

Author: ACCT Foundation, ACT2EndRacism
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An opinion piece in which the author supports the Black community during the Black Lives Matter movement. The author contrasts the experience of a Black individual with their own race, despite both being people of colour.

Author: Letters For Black Lives
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An article discussing how lot of Chinese immigrants who did not finish high school lacked awareness on the subject of white supremacy. With the killing of George Floyd, the article describes this as an opportunity for self-reflection in the Asian American community, especially to talk to families about the anti-blackness in their own community.

Author: Sakshi Venkatraman
Publication: NBC News Asian America
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Video describing racism against Asian Americans. The video discusses biases, history of anti-Asian racism, civil rights and the model minority myth, and how people and organizations can help.

Author: 1990 Institute
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A Facebook repost of a Tiktok video describing the use of the term “colonizer” and how its a necessary and effective social movement strategy.

Author: Posted to Canadians United Against Hate Facebook page
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An opinion piece in which the author, a Chinese Canadian, stands with Indigenous communities to speak up about Canada’s history of violent oppression. It details the spike in racism and hate crime against Black, Muslim, and Asians, as well as the history of anti-Asian racism. The author calls for everyone to be in solidarity with fellow racialized Canadians.

Author: Diamond Yao
Publication: The Star
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Opinion piece discussing how many states are considering laws to ban the teaching of critical race theory in public schools. The author explains that CRT is not a racist ideology and is not taught in public schools, and that right-wing media has branded all reform efforts in education and employment as CRT. The author also explains what CRT actually is.

Author: Gary Peller
Publication: Politico Magazine
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Article on an interview with political scientist and historian Allan Bartley, who researched the Ku Klux Klan and found the organization’s long history in Canada. The article discusses the history of the supremacist organization in Canada.

Author: Althea Manasan
Publication: CBC Radio
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Opinion piece discussing the intersection between white supremacy and white feminism.

Author: Koa Beck
Publication: The Globe and Mail
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Article discussing how Illinois has become the first state to mandate Asian American history to be part of its public school curriculum beginning in the 2022-23 school year. Schools will teach the contributions of Asian American communities to the economic, cultural, social, and political development of the United States.

Author: Kimmy Yam
Publication: NBC News Asian America
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An article discussing a formal apology from the federal government of Canada meant to address the racist treatment of members of Canada’s only Black military unit that served in the First World War.

Author: Aya Al-Hakim
Publication: Global News
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Article on an Australian researcher who went “undercover” to far-right Chinese-American networks to understand how disinformation is passed. The article discusses how anti-communism beliefs play an important role in mobilizing right-wing Chinese Americans, as well as how members of this far-right community supports the terrorist organization the Proud Boys.

Author: Zhaoyin Feng
Publication: BBC Chinese Service
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Piece on the struggles of being an AAPI who is also part of the LGBTQ+ community. The author discusses how dating platforms have failed the AAPI community and other marginalized communities. History surrounding the Hoa People of Vietnam provides an example of rejection within one’s own community. The author describes what it means to be a gay Asian American, the intersectionality of oppression and calls for unity and inclusion.

Author: Jason Ve
Publication: Mens Health

Article on how the Manitoba Junior Hockey League says that they will introduce anti-racism education and punish discrimination.

Author: Nicholas Frew
Publication: CBC News
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Article on how an Asian American woman has become a target of racist attacks after applauding “Middle Eastern peers”. Her speech addressed the struggles faced by Asian Americans and other minorities.

Author: Editorial Staff
Publication: NextShark
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An article discussing Larry Itliong, a Filipino American who was a key figure of the Asian American movement. The article describes his history and how his actions has been lost in history until recent.

Author: Ryan General
Publication: NextShark
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News article describing how an elderly Asian woman was found headless in the woods in southwest England. A campaign group supporting East and Southeast Asians is fighting to publicize the woman’s disappearance and believes her death may have been racially motivated. Author: Carl Samson Publication: NextShark Access Article